Fast Break Projection On-the-Fly
Running the fast break in basketball greatly simplifies the game, but requires that my team be organized and focused on the goal of moving with purpose down the floor whenever our team has the ball. This style of basketball requires preparation in advance of both structure and conditioning. If our team has poor positioning, or spacing running down the floor, as to allow one defender to defend two players because of their proximity, or if our players don’t have the physical stamina to repeatedly run down the floor, the fast break doesn’t work.
When I create Microstation and AutoCAD drawings from GIS data many times I am supplying design reference and context for new design work that will be incorporated back into the GIS basemap latter in a project’s life cycle. There can be a practical need to work in different coordinate systems for local design work verses the storage of regional basemap data. Or, in some cases the need to work in different coordinate systems becomes a matter of an organization’s arbitrary preference for one or another coordinate system based on any, or no reason at all. I can change the coordinates of the CAD data I create from GIS data using the ArcInfo EXPORT TO CAD tool in ArcGIS 9.2 service pack 4. Starting with the ArcGIS 9.2 Service Pack 4 release, the EXPORT TO CAD tool will honor the coordinate system defined in the projection file (.PRJ) of the target output CAD file. This means GIS data stored in a UTM meter’s coordinate system can be output to a Microstation design file where the .PRJ file designates a State Plane coordinate system in feet, and the CAD elements being created from the GIS features in UTM will be generated in the correct State Plane location in feet within the Microstation design file.
When using the ArcInfo level licensed EXPORT TO CAD geoprocessing tool starting with ArcGIS 9.2 Service Pack 4, If no .PRJ file already exists for the target or seed CAD file the coordinate system of the input data will be used as for the coordinate system of the output CAD entities, and a companion .PRJ file will be generated for the CAD file automatically.
For Microstation design files it is necessary to set the design cube/plane coordinates definition to ensure proper behavior. I need to ensure my Microstation design plane/cube and its units are adequate set to store the GIS information in the .DGN file. To trigger the new functionality of the EXPORT TO CAD tool I need to identify which coordinate system the coordinates in the Microstation file will represent. I do this using a companion coordinate system definition file
The first of these two steps to define the units and design cube/plane is a purely a Microstation process usually set as part of the Microstation seed file creation. This process is a purely mathematical requirement of how Microstation will be used to record your map as a file of vector geometry. The other process, the creation of a .PRJ file, is specific to ArcGIS which identifies the coordinate system and how the information in a CAD file relates to our round Earth. Just like the execution of the fast break in basketball preparation early in the season makes the players work together more smoothly, and enables success in the game.
AutoCAD .DWG files don’t have the concept of a design cube/plane, but do use the same
Consult you Microstation documentation for the proper creation of coordinate definitions and units for your Microstation Design files and seed files, and use the ArcGIS desktop or online help in the creation of .PRJ files.